In order to improve the economic welfare in Indonesia, so the economic growth is an important factor to be considered by the government. One of efforts to improve the welfare is to reduce the number of poor people. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of economic growth on the number of poor people in Indonesia period 1994-2010. The Implementation period is a period of long-term development phase II (PJPT II), where the direction of economic development period aims to achieve sustainable economic growth. This study concludes the effect of significant economic growth on the number of poor people in Indonesia, where rising economic growth can reduce the number of poor people. The expected results of the study may help government to establish policies of economic development particularly related to poverty.